# Found 2 Incomparable Topologies

1. Lower limit topology ($\R_l$)

• Basis: $\{[a,b) \mid a,b \in \R\text{ s.t. } a < b\}$
2. K-topology ($\R_K$)

• Basis: $\{(a,b), (a,b) - K \mid a,b \in \R\text{ s.t. } a < b \}$, where $K = \{ 1/n \mid n \in \Z_+ \}$.

## $\R_l \nsubseteq \R_K$

Consider a base element $[a,b)$. At the point $a$, no open interval $(c,d)$ containing $a$ is a subset of $[a,b)$.

## $\R_K \nsubseteq \R_l$

Let $B_2 = (-1, 1) - K$. At $B_2 \notin \R_l$ because any base element $[0,b)$ containing 0 must hit $1/n$ for some $n \in \Z_+$ by Archimedean Property of $\Z_+$. Thus, $\forall b > 0, [0,b) \nsubseteq B_2$.